Apr 6, 2013

April 8, 1967: Ralph Gleason TV Interview

On 4/8/67, the TV show "The Maze" featured three San Francisco bands - the Wildflower, the Grateful Dead, and Quicksilver Messenger Service. Ralph Gleason interviewed the Dead.

ANNOUNCER: The man most in the midst of the San Francisco music scene is critic Ralph J. Gleason. In his syndicated newspaper column, Mr. Gleason has been the foremost interpreter of the sounds coming out of what he calls "the Liverpool of the United States." Mr. Gleason believes the San Francisco rock groups are making a serious contribution to musical history.
GLEASON: In the last year and a half, San Francisco has literally exploded with music... One of the most exciting and interesting bands in San Francisco these days is the Grateful Dead. We're talking to the Grateful Dead, particularly to Jerry Garcia, the lead guitarist. Jerry, what kind of music does the Grateful Dead play?
GARCIA: (laughter) Loud! Loud music - loud music - dance music, for dances, at dances.
GLEASON: Where does it come from, do you write all your songs?
GARCIA: No. We write some of it -
LESH: We steal it from a lot of places.
GARCIA: Yeah, we steal it from a lot of places.
LESH: As many as I can find, as a matter of fact.
GARCIA: We're clever thieves...we're clever thieves, steal from a lot of places, and rearrange -
LESH: Sort of like the baroque era.
GLEASON: Do you have any particular bank vaults of music that you raid periodically?
GARCIA: Old blues - new blues - (WEIR: Jugband.) - jugband music. We've been getting into stealing classical licks, and jazz - anything, anything we can hear!
GLEASON: You don't sound like other bands. Why is that?
GARCIA: Well, because we're not other bands! We're the Grateful Dead, and we've been together for long enough to where we are used enough to each other to be able to play together.
GLEASON: Even when you take old tunes, tunes that have old influences in them, you still don't sound like the originals, you sound like -
GARCIA: No, cause that's not who we are, we're not trying to recreate anything.
GLEASON: Do you change them around?
GARCIA: Freely, freely. Like I say, any one song could have lots of stuff in it from lots of different sources, but it always comes out nothing like the original, and also nothing like anything else.
GLEASON: Electronically, do you work at things electronically, for different sounds and devices?
GARCIA: We're getting into it more than we have been. We've been mostly just working at getting better at our instruments, and the electronic stuff is stuff that you discover playing at enormous volumes, when you play in the big auditoriums, and pretty soon your guitar's feeding back and there's this insane sound coming out of it, you know, and you find that by fiddling around the right way you can control it to a certain extent, and that becomes part of the way you play.
GLEASON: You use this in the way you -
GARCIA: Oh sure, yeah. You can't not; if you ignore it, it just gets louder and louder. (laughs)
LESH: It takes over the entire thing.
GARCIA: Right!
GLEASON: Do you write things out in arrangements that you're going to do?
GARCIA: Sometimes we do and sometimes we don't.
LESH: Only if the record company insists.
GARCIA: Right, if the record company insists.
GLEASON: Do you do them the same way time after time when you play them?
GARCIA: I don't think so. There are a few that are more or less the same, most of the time -
LESH: In the general country, you might say.
GARCIA: Right, but the events inside them aren't always the same - and the thing that we really like is when it's not - you know, when something new suddenly happens, and we're suddenly playing differently than we used to. It's sort of evolutionary stuff goes on.
GLEASON: What kind of thing can tick that off in the course of playing a tune?
GARCIA: Playing it long enough.
WEIR: Good vibes.
GARCIA: Yeah, and a good situation, you know, a lot of feedback from the audience and dancing and -
WEIR: - carrying on.
GARCIA: Playing in the big auditoriums is conducive to that.
GLEASON: The things that you've done yourself in music will suggest themselves to you at various points in playing a tune, in individual performance?
GLEASON: Or you're a serial composer, will come up with some -
GARCIA: Yeah, that's kind of what happens, just all of a sudden you know, another possibility reveals itself to our wondering eyes and ears.
LESH: Somebody will play something, and it suggests another place to go.
GLEASON: Change the whole tune?
LESH: Right.
GARCIA: We like to let it go as far as it'll go.
GLEASON: What song are you going to play for us?
GARCIA: A song called Cream Puff War.
GLEASON: Did you write this?
GARCIA: Yeah, I wrote this particular song! (Weir laughs.) The only time I've ever written completely all the way, it's my song.
GLEASON: And it steals from all those places?
GARCIA: Oh yeah, well I mean, just the actual song, the melody and the words, but the rest of it is -
LESH: To the extent that all of us, doing our own thing, steal from everywhere.
GARCIA: Right.
GLEASON: Let's hear it.

The Dead play a concise 4-minute Cream Puff War.
The Wildflower played Please Come Home, and QMS did Pride of Man. Interestingly, to illustrate that "even when three San Francisco groups play the same tune, each band contributes its own distinctive style," the show then intercut each band playing their own version of Walkin' Blues: QMS first verse, Dead second verse, Wildflower third verse & guitar solo, Dead - Pigpen harmonica solo & Garcia solo, QMS conclusion. (It being a TV show, the solos are extremely clipped!)

The video is apparently lost, but the audio is here:

For those curious about the Wildflower, they have their own site, with more music:

And here is another 1967 clip from The Maze, a 25-minute documentary about the Haight-Ashbury hippie scene, with a few minutes at the end of the Dead inside 710 Ashbury (no Dead music or interview, though):
For those who want to skip right to the Dead footage:

These photos are not from the Maze show, but from some other unknown TV appearance where the Dead had to mime - nonetheless I couldn't resist including them:

This photo seems to be from the actual Maze show:

Apr 2, 2013

March 1967: Larry Miller Interview

Larry Miller was a DJ who'd started an all-night freeform program on KMPX in February 1967, when they were still mostly a foreign-language station. He recorded this interview with Garcia & Weir the week before the release of the Dead's first album, and played it (along with the full album) at midnight on the release date.

DJ - Hello folks, this is Larry Miller on my very own program this Monday night, or Tuesday morning actually, and for the first part of our program today, guess what! We have a couple guys from the Grateful Dead over here to talk about their new record! Hello fellas, introduce yourselves and say hello to everyone.
GARCIA - This is Jerry Garcia and this is a recording.
WEIR - This is Bob Weir and you know how it is, just how it is.
(They sound VERY unenthusiastic.)
DJ - All right, the rest of you didn't make it, apparently. Who are the other members of the Grateful Dead that you can introduce in their absence?
GARCIA - Well there's Phil Lesh, he's the bass player, he's not here. And Bill Kreutzmann who's the drummer, is also not here. And there's the redoubtable Pigpen, who's also not here.
DJ - Redoubtable?
GARCIA - And he plays the organ and the harmonica and the [face]. He also does some sort of elephantine pirouettes around the stage.
DJ - Let's hear it for Pigpen. Pigpen is getting you into more magazines...because people walk up with a camera and...'click,' they take a picture and then someone writes an article about hippies, or about anything that has to do with anything...they have to run Pigpen's picture. [Garcia is talking meanwhile.] We'll talk some more about Pigpen and the name of the group and where you got that from and all sorts of things about your songs as we go along this morning. You have a new record and it's called - what's your new record called, Jerry?
GARCIA - Which one, the single or the album?
DJ - Yeah!
GARCIA - Well, neither one! Let's see - the album doesn't have a title, it just says Grateful Dead on the front of it, got some pretty pictures on it.
DJ - I saw the album title, it has a sun thing, pictures of an explosion and the surface of the sun in color, and it's a hundred million miles?
GARCIA - Some enormous figure, celestial distance.
DJ - That's sort of a background thing...
GARCIA - Mouse did the collage, Mouse did the lettering on it...the pictures are by Herb Greene, famous rock & roll photographer...and, uh...it looks pretty good.
DJ - What do you do, you play lead guitar don't you?
DJ - What do you do?
WEIR - I play rhythm guitar.
DJ - Who does most of the singing on the album?
GARCIA - Uh, I guess I probably do...I do a lot of the lead. Pigpen - well, we all sing some lead, and we also sing parts. On this album, these particular songs, which is about like one of our sets, in terms of the way it's laid out and in terms of who sings what and so on - I sing most of the material on it, I guess, Bob sings lead on two songs, and Pigpen sings lead on one or two or something.
DJ - Now, you picked off one of these to use, or a couple to use as a hit single, and I say hit because -
GARCIA - That's the whole purpose of a single.
DJ - That's the whole purpose, right, and your hit single is going to be getting its most important exposure over there on the money side of the radio... [We're] playing the album over here which they won't do because they don't know where it's at. In any case, we are interested in what you have released as a single, we'll probably listen to that first.
GARCIA - Well, the single is the Golden Road to Unlimited Devotion.
DJ - Unlimited?
GARCIA - Right, unlimited... This was recorded after we recorded the body of the album, and the actual song is a new song; we were thinking specifically of a single, so we just played around, and came up with some nice changes and cooperated on the entire thing, and came up with the Golden Road, which is a good song; I mean it's like really fun to sing and fun to play and everything like that, and it seems like a good single, whatever that is, we thought it could be a single.
WEIR - [We] worked it up some in the recording session which we didn't do on most of the album.
GARCIA - This is the only one that has any kind of recording stunts on it, so there are two flattop guitars and three electric guitars and so forth; we got twice as many voices as normal.
DJ - A massive sound... I can't wait to hear it, let's listen to it.
[Golden Road plays]
DJ - (Jokes about it going up to the top of the charts.) You'll all be rich and you can buy some new clothes and get haircuts and straighten up...
GARCIA - We'll get [stuffed] together in a little FM station - who knows.
DJ - Most of the rock & roll musicians out of this scene sort of have the feeling they want to make some money playing rock & roll and then head for the woods in a couple years.
GARCIA - Well, that's not my feeling.
DJ - What do you want to do with it?
GARCIA - I don't know, I don't even care about the money.
DJ - What is it, power?
WEIR - It's something to do.
GARCIA - Yeah, it's something to do; playing music is just the thing I do, you know. It's just nice to be successful at it, that's the thing that's new and different, and odd.
WEIR - That's the fun part of the rock & roll game. More music than you can play in a...
DJ - Actually in a way you're in a time and space and environment here that affords the opportunity to be very far out and still at least maintain yourself while you're doing it, and be very experimental and still have pocket money.
GARCIA - It's like having a patron...
DJ - Golden Road, it's been released already as a single, hasn't it?
GARCIA - It's released as of today or tonight or something...
DJ - The next song is Beat It On Down The Line.
[BIODTL plays]
DJ - It took five or six of you to do what Jesse Lone Cat Fuller does all by himself. Have you seen him work lately?
GARCIA - I haven't seen him in the last two years.
DJ - He's gotten into it, he has this kazoo and harmonica and all these foot pedals and 12-string. He has a contact mike taped onto every single thing he's playing now, and runs everything through an amplifier, and it's really incredible because he has this cymbal, tambourine taped to his elbow with a contact mike on it. He's electrified himself, it's fantastic.
GARCIA - Really remarkable guy.
DJ - Tell me some history about the Grateful Dead; I just got here and probably most of the people listening say aw, I know all that, but I don't know that. I've been here since October and I haven't been paying any attention so I don't know anything about you guys. Tell me something about the band.
WEIR - We've been here since, I guess, around the year...
GARCIA - Early earth -
WEIR - We haven't been paying much attention either.
GARCIA - Not too much. We all come from diverse backgrounds, we've been a group for about almost two years, and it's been a complete blank for the whole two years. (laughter) Total blank.
DJ - You're not all hung up with a lot of motivations and things like that?
GARCIA - No, none whatsoever, we remain pure and uncomplicated and totally unmotivated - right.
DJ - What is the conflict between being commercial and non-commercial?
GARCIA - We don't recognize any conflicts.
DJ - Beautiful...the elimination of all dualities, right?
GARCIA - Exactly.
DJ - ...Sitting on Top of the World, it's an old country & western song.
GARCIA - Yeah, it's also an old blues song, an old almost everything song. It's a blues. The way we do it is an extrapolation of... (searches for words) It's fast, is what it is, it's not the traditional way to do it, it's not even the country way to do it, it's just our way to do it, which is like a little of them all. It seems silly to say things about songs when you're gonna hear 'em. Anything we say about it doesn't in any way change the way it sounds.
DJ - I thought you'd say, "note how whatshisname gets as little notes in as..."
GARCIA - I would say, listen closely to the bass lines, those of you who have good radios with good bass responses, because Phil is an incredibly good bass player.
[SoToW plays]
DJ - I like that very much...I kept listening to hear a dobro guitar...Buck Graves, Uncle Josh... There was a nice feeling to that song; I'm not necessarily saying it was bluegrass sounding.
GARCIA - It has that, I was thinking of adding a banjo track to it.
DJ - Someone in the band plays good five-string banjo?
GARCIA - Yeah, me.
DJ - You? I'll tell you - I came here to San Francisco and just spent five or six months absorbing things and just watching; in other words I'm a bum... Now I've got this job on KMPX in the middle of the night meeting all kinds of people. It seems to be doing all right, I think the music does all the work for me. Fortunately, at this point it's the first time in the history of rock & roll music that there's been enough really genuinely good stuff recorded to think about programming quality rock.
GARCIA - That's true. AM stations are still on the same - triple whateveritis.
WEIR - (breathlessly) It must be so exciting to have your own radio show.
DJ - No it's not, actually I - (interrupted by laughter) I've just been put on, folks, and I didn't even realize it.
GARCIA - You gotta watch out for that kid. He may look innocent but - (DJ - But he is.) - there lurks the mind of a fiendish rascal.
DJ - Congratulations, not many of us left. (Introduces Cold Rain & Snow as 'Coltrane & Snow.')
GARCIA - That's okay, it's in a mode. Coltrane would like it. Maybe he wouldn't, who knows.
DJ - You just touched on one of my favorite subjects, modes.
GARCIA - This is in a mode, it's in a very straight mode. It's a traditional song, banjo tune as a matter of fact.
DJ - It's your European-Appalachian type of mode rather than your Indian type of mode.
GARCIA - Right, right, right. Although the exciting thing - (DJ interrupts) - they both contain the same elements, the modes are not that different...
DJ - Let's listen.
[Cold Rain & Snow plays]
DJ - That has a familiar sound to it, that's taken from traditional material, isn't it?
GARCIA - Yeah, the song is a traditional song...it's a [framework] ballad taken from Obray Ramsey, and earlier from Rufus Crisp I think. Like I say, it's only a frame, it's not a complete ballad. A lot of our material is traditional because we use the words as a format, is all, and the words are nice, those traditional lines are really nice; and we just do the arrangement and the melody and so forth. Also we haven't copywritten any of the words in these things - the things that are traditional, we've left them traditional. Things that were authored previously, even if our version is somewhat different, we give credit to the people who were doing it.
DJ - That's nice to see.
GARCIA - It used to be such a famous burn in the folk music business.
DJ - Yeah, for example, there's a record out now by a group here, they do one side, it's called the French Girl [the A-side], it's the Daily Flash [the band]; the flipside they do Green Rocky Road, and they credit themselves with the authorship of it, which is incredible because there've been about I guess a dozen or more recordings of it in the last five years, and everybody that records it credits themself with it, right down the line, and the farthest back I've been able to trace it is to Len Chandler, who picked it up from kids in the street, which would mean he collected it from traditional sources himself. I don't think Len Chandler has ever been credited with Green Rocky Road on any record anywhere, which is really far out. Not only because he might've been in line for some royalties as a result of putting it together, but...Len Chandler is a pretty significant musician and performer, and about four people know about him.
GARCIA - Well, the thing about traditional material is, it's the way you do it, the arrangement and performance and so forth; most of the groups that are doing traditional material aren't doing it anything like traditional form, and in traditional music at any rate, the form is the whole thing, the material doesn't really have that much to do with it. But nonetheless, it's nice to leave that stuff in the public domain rather than - I mean, how can you possibly copyright stuff that's been around for a hundred years?
DJ - I always have a very warm and empathetic feeling towards anybody that's doing rock now that comes from a folk background. (GARCIA - Some of us come from a folk background.) I think it gives the musicians and the performances a lot more depth. I could've been a folk nut myself for a number of years. I like to hear things that started out [with]...Gid Tanner & the Skillet Lickers, and work its way down to a rock band... It's nice to know that we can evolve and make changes and not have to cut off what came before, but keep it alive.
WEIR - It's making rock & roll an extension of the older forms of folk music.
GARCIA - Well, older forms of folk music, their original position in their societies - Folk music is really popular music, like all the early old ballads, the Child Ballads, were originally popular ballads; you heard them on the street and in music halls and stuff like that. Before radio, that was what popular music was, folk music. It's all music.
WEIR - I look at rock & roll bands kind of like electric jugbands...
DJ - I look at rock & roll bands usually through a pair of sunglasses and try to watch out for the strobe lights so I don't blow out my optic nerve. By the way, you guys aren't tense or anything, or nervous about being on the radio? (No.) Good, cause I don't want you to be that way. I've interviewed everybody in the business by now, except yourselves, and I always try to make people feel relaxed, at home, and feel comfortable. I also do it on tape so I can edit out the dirty words, so you can feel free... Let's listen to Good Morning Little Schoolgirl.
[Schoolgirl plays]
DJ - A song especially for all the dirty old men in the audience.
GARCIA - For clean young girls, also.
DJ - (Goes on a bit about being the first to play the record on the air, compared to other radio stations.) It's nice to have this record on the program... The main thing I'm excited about is that aside from little bits of sponsored programming that occur on other radio stations once in a while, this is probably the only place where you'll hear continuous exposure in depth...
GARCIA - That's what I've been told. It's nice to be able to hear somebody's album that you don't hear anyplace else unless you go out and buy it.
DJ - One of the things that happens here regularly - maybe you know something about this, I wanted to ask you - (GARCIA - Sure.) - Every so often someone will call up and say, I'd like you to play Rolling Stones, Let's Spend the Night Together, I say OK, and they say, You mean you can play that? and I say, I don't see any reason why I can't play it, and they say, Doesn't somebody tell you what you can play and can't play? and I say no, the station management has left the door open for me to develop a program; I don't know of any official agency that comes around to say play this, don't play that. The only thing is, BMI/ASCAP will put out a restricted list which will have to do with publishing rights, but never with whether material is questionable. Do you know anything about...?
GARCIA - I would imagine it would be someone like the FCC, if they have some kind of morality code...that whole thing, they're not gonna play a song because they think there's something suggestive in the lyrics.
DJ - Just because Ed Sullivan's not ready doesn't mean I'm not. You know what I'm talking about.
WEIR - If you saw the Rolling Stones on the Ed Sullivan show, they got the point across.
DJ - Oh there was no doubt about that, I think Mick Jagger more than compensated for the fact that they changed the lyrics, driving the young girls in the audience completely out of their trees, that was pretty well-done. The Rolling Stones I'm very impressed with; I didn't pick up on them until the Aftermath album, and at that point I said what? the Rolling Stones are outta sight, because they're broadening their musical idioms so much.
GARCIA - Yeah, quite a lot. Between the Buttons has a lot of amazing stuff on it.
DJ - Cream Puff War is almost a silly title for a song, if I may say so. What does that really mean?
GARCIA - Well, the title for the song came after the song. I already developed the idea - this is the only song that I claim totally - this is mine from beginning to end! I actually wrote it. We were down in LA, I was writing, I had the changes worked out and the bridge and the first verse... The whole thing was just meandering along. Pigpen said let's call it...Cream Puff War. (WEIR - No, I said it.) Or you did, somebody did. At any rate, the title - doesn't really mean anything particularly, it's just the name of the song. It's like, did you ever read Through the Looking Glass or Alice in Wonderland, where they have a thing about something and then the name of it, and the name of its name, and so on, so that the thing is named several times removed from the actual thing and not in any way related to it. Well, we kind of name our songs that way. So Cream Puff War is the name of that song just because it was a name that happened to be around, and then later on I happened to work it into the lyric as the last line... It seems to me something that - (DJ interrupts.)
DJ - After what Dylan's done on those same lines, it's not necessary to have your song title have anything to do with the song...
GARCIA - No, it's an outmoded idea - it's a way of identifying the song by what the song's like or by taking a line out of it...
[Cream Puff War plays]

Unfortunately, the second part of the interview, covering the rest of the album, is lost!
Miller recently found this tape in a box in his basement.
Thanks to Larry Miller for the interview & to David Gans for playing it on the 2013 KPFA Marathon.

Apr 1, 2013

March 20, 1967: Album Release Party


In Antonioni's "Blow Up" there's a wonderful moment in a rock club scene when guitarist Jeff Beck of the Yardbirds first belts the amplifier and then wrecks his guitar in frustration at the problems of electronics.
Monday night's party for the Grateful Dead was aborted when the power failed and the Dead's set was chopped short. So everything you see in the movies isn't fantasy.
The party was a curious climax to a weekend of wild expansion of rock. Chuck Berry's marvelous performances at Winterland and the Fillmore (he actually came back for encores and was almost as shaken up by his reception here as he was the first time he played London and the fans mobbed him) were one of the highlights of the season.
The Dead's performances on the Chuck Berry show were fascinating, too. Jerry Garcia's guitar solos were extraordinary even in the problem-ridden sound chamber of Winterland.

At Mills College there was a rock conference with criminologists, anthropologists, sociologists, zoologists, marine biologists...oooooops! Well, I mean there was just about every kind of approach to the subject. Phil Spector was on two panels Sunday and gave fascinating insights into the Beatles and the Stones - as well as his own operations - and the evening ended with the Jefferson Airplane performing without stewardess Grace Slick who is recuperating from her operation. Three dancers performed with them in a farcical demonstration of rock dancing, better examples of which are on the floor every weekend at the Fillmore and the Avalon. It was "The Reader's Digest goes acid" in the words of Frank Werber of Trident Records.
The Dead's party was a little like that, too. "It's a great party Verve is throwing," a hippie remarked nastily to a Warner Brothers executive who promptly said that WB was sponsoring it. "Oh well, one of those movie companies," the hippie said dreamily.

The Avalon Ballroom is offering an ambitious program this week in celebration of Easter. The dances will run for five nights, something that has not happened around here to the best of my memory since Stan Kenton played two weeks at Sweet's Ballroom in Oakland a thousand years ago. The dances begin tonight and run through Sunday night.
The first dance program is called "The Plains of Quicksilver" and is set for tonight and tomorrow night and offers the Quicksilver Messenger Service, the Miller Blues Band and blues singer John Lee Hooker.
Friday and Saturday nights the dance program is called "The Ship of the Sea" and presents the Grateful Dead, Johnny Hammond and his Screamin' Nighthawks (their first appearance here) and satirist Robert Baker.
On Sunday there is a special Easter Celebration dance with the Quick and the Dead - the Quicksilver Messenger Service and the Grateful Dead.

(by Ralph Gleason, from the "On The Town" column, San Francisco Chronicle, March 22 1967)

See http://lostlivedead.blogspot.com/2010/01/march-20-1967-club-fugazi-678-green.html