AMERICAN BEAUTY BY THE GRATEFUL DEAD
The Grateful Dead is the best rock band in America. They have put out more good albums, played more exciting concerts, written more good music, and inspired more musicians than anyone else. And besides all this, they continue to grow and to put out great albums five years after their formation.
American Beauty is the second Dead album in their new countryish sound. Workingman's Dead preceded American Beauty and though it was a great album, there were still faults with the Dead's new sound. All the problems that were evident on Workingman's Dead, however, have been ironed out, for this album shows no faults at all.
The Dead never was a vocal group. Before they turned countryish in fact, they rarely used harmonies [sic] and their lead singing was kept to a minimum to allow more time for the classic Dead instrumentals. Now, however, they develop vocal lines, let the instruments take a back seat for awhile and sing out. Crosby and Nash helped them with the vocals and their influence is apparent, from the progression chords to the "do-dos" that Stills has used so often. And amazingly enough, some of the Dead's members have turned out to be good vocalists. Jerry Garcia especially captures the ranch and drive of country music. [sic]
Even though the Dead is now highlighting their vocals, there is no reason to worry about their instrumental talent. When they break loose of the vocal lines, they still play harder and faster and stronger than anyone. Of course, the music now has country overtones, pedal steel guitar and all, but under the twang is the basis of the Dead sound - the driving bass of Phil Lesh and the excellent drum work of Mickey Hart and Bill Kreutzmann. Besides there is still Pigpen on organ to liven things up.
Prior to the Dead's country sound, their songs were not songs. They were merely jumping off points for the improvisational talents of the Dead. Now however, you can always tell that they are playing by the notes, leading to something particular. This has hampered them somewhat; but since the songs are so good, something has been added in return. I especially like "Candyman" and "Ripple," on this album.
The Dead may change, but they are still the Dead. Even when they are countrified, they are still San Francisco freaks, mixing sunshine and acid. If such a concoction appeals to you, the Dead are it.
(from the Maroon, December 11 1970)
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AMERICAN BEAUTY, GRATEFUL DEAD
For once a truly beautiful album cover is more than matched by the record inside. The Dead just refuse to keep within any normal limits, and I hope that it stays that way for a long time. Workingman's Dead was a lovely album, lush, full, and thoroughly real in musical and lyrical content. American Beauty is a joyous extension of the last album. If possible there is even more care on vocal work. Everyone in the band sings, and sings well alone and together.
A complete contentment shines through the vocal work on this album. A full contentment. The instrumentation is rich with sound that moves through, under, and into the listener. Damn it all, the album is American beauty, of the best possible kind. The positivity of the Dead just can't be kept down. Look at the cover. "American Beauty" can also be read as "American Reality," thanks to Mouse Studios. If more of the American reality were this album, we'd all have a lot more to be thankful for.
"Box of Rain" takes plenty of time, and moves surely. The band isn't in any great hurry. Layers of music weave in seemingly simple patterns - deceptively simple patterns. Phil Lesh's singing is just right. The chorus is fine: "A box of rain will ease the pain / And love will see you through." "Believe it if you need it / If you don't just pass it on." Praised be Bob Hunter. Countrified Dead is so nice to listen to.
From "Box of Rain" they zip into "Friend of the Devil," which is a snappy little country number, with some extremely fine bass and acoustic guitar interplay. Jerry Garcia's voice now makes him a perfect wobbly cowboy.
Pigpen drops by with "Operator." Pigpen songs are always enjoyable, because they're Pigpen songs. That would be enough, but they are often good too, which is an added bonus, and this one certainly is good. Pigpen growls as ever.
"Ripple" and "Brokedown Palace" are coupled by a vocal chorus, a little reminiscent of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, but only in a complimentary sense. The songs meld together and are strongly pretty and sad, as is "Attics of My Life," which has some very, very nice harmony work.
The two songs that come closest to being rockers on the album are "Till the Morning Comes" and "Truckin." "Truckin" is just the story of the Dead - going on the road, losing old friends, gaining new ones, trying to keep everybody happy, trying to play some nice music for people, and succeeding on all counts.
The Dead are getting pretty big commercially now, and if ever a band deserved it, it's them. They have given us all something to treasure with this album. It's one for now, and one for the kids in 20 years too. American Beauty's like that, you know.
(by Andy Zwerling, from Rolling Stone, December 24 1970)
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AMERICAN BEAUTY / GRATEFUL DEAD
It's all right there in front of you...
The main differences between the new Dead LP and the superficially similar Workingman's Dead are: 1) the quality of the vocals, and especially the harmonies, has risen substantially, and 2) the album as a whole has a more cohesive feel to it. American Beauty seems to have been sculpted from the same piece of rock, in contrast to the seemingly grafted and less painstakingly crafted last album. Along with Live Dead, the new album presents the most accurate - and easily the most satisfying - picture of the Grateful Dead at their best.
Even more significant is the album's accessibility. It's all right there in front of you, which isn't to say that it's shallow. But you won't have to work hard to get into it, as you likely did with all of the earlier work, including Workingman's Dead, which projected its very own kind of obstacles.
"Ripple" is simply beautiful, with a melody that seems to flow of its own accord - an organism, more than a mere song. The particular kind of sensitivity with which it's sung and played has never been matched by the Dead before. Sheer serenity, and it spreads its mantle over other songs.
At the other end of the emotive spectrum (and at the other end of the side) is "Truckin'," a bit of open, unsullied exuberance. Both exuberance and serenity are valuable wherever you can find them; when they overlap, you know that something special is happening. Call it oriental country and Western - call it anything you want - but hear it.
(from Rock, January 11 1971)
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'SUPERB' IS WORD FOR NEW ROCK ALBUM
The Grateful Dead, while long one of the finest rock and roll bands, have never had as big a following as they have recently.
I can see two reasons other than the excellence of their music, for this increase in popularity:
First, they were written about in Tom Wolfe's book about Ken Kesey, "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test," which was recently released in paperback.
Secondly, they have released two exemplary albums in the past year or so. LIVE DEAD (possibly the finest recording of their performance) and WORKINGMAN'S DEAD, a new approach to country-blues.
They should be enshrined after the release of their newest album, AMERICAN BEAUTY (Warner Bros. 1893). It goes beyond the country music and the rock of before to become a new Dead combining the best of the old and the new.
The Dead obviously have put a lot of rehearsal time into their new music. The harmonies are clear and pure. The arrangements are tight and precise. The music is all distinctive, lively Dead.
"Friend of the Devil" is a sprightly lament about an outlaw on the run. Jerry Garcia has the perfect quaking yet sure voice for country-western singing and he shows it on this song and on others such as "Box of Rain" [sic] and "Candyman."
Bob Weir, the rhythm guitarist who occasionally alternates lead with Garcia, sounds like the perfect troubled teen-age cowboy with his shining tenor on "Sugar Magnolia."
Ron (Pigpen) McKernan is the gutsiest of the bunch, wailing like no one else on "Operator."
But the finest music in the album lies in two songs: "Till the Morning Comes" and "Attics of My Life."
"Till the Morning Comes" is energetic, happy and really moving. It's the most likely candidate to be pulled off the album as a single. Somebody should tell the Top 40 radio people about it.
The album is superb. There's no other word for it.
Marshall Fine is a student in journalism at the University of Minnesota.
(by Marshall Fine, from the Minneapolis Star, January 12 1971)
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GRATEFUL DEAD, AMERICAN BEAUTY
The best adjective I can think of to describe the Grateful Dead is "disarming." They're beautiful because, unlike so many bands, they never overwhelm you.
Their method is to creep up on you and steal your head through a combination of musicality and sheer enjoyment. Like I said, disarming.
American Beauty is their sixth official album (seventh if you count the early live cuts just released in the States), and it shows off perhaps the most attractive side of their collective personality: the low-key, harmony singalong side with pretty, old-timey songs set to light acoustic backings. Listening to it, you won't believe that these songs were written this century; yet they were all penned by members of the band, plus lyricist Robert Hunter, whose craft equals that of Robbie Robertson. The playing is brilliantly unassuming, just a few really excellent musicians sitting down to play, and the singing is rough but affecting, the harmonies straining ever so slightly but always, always gelling. This is where they beat CSN&Y: the Dead sound human, never manufactured. They're helped along by a few friends, like the members of the New Riders of the Purple Sage, their spin-off group, and Howard Wales, who plays lovely piano on the sad, lazy ballad 'Brokendown Palace'. If you prefer the hard, jamming, electric side of the band, I'd recommend a listen to 'Sugar Magnolia' or 'Till The Morning Comes', which contains the repeated line: "Make yourself easy." That's what this album is all about; I never suspected they'd outshine Workingman's Dead, but they've done it, and here it is. Buy it.
(by Richard Williams, from Melody Maker, January 30 1971)
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THE GRATEFUL DEAD - AMERICAN BEAUTY
Rating: 3-1/2 stars
Warning up front: I'm not a Dead freak. Those who are will therefore add the requisite grain of salt to my opinion that this is their best album to date. The format is roughly the same as that of the preceding session, Workingman's Dead, but Bob Hunter, who did all the lyrics for both sets, seems sharper here.
The music is sharper, too, and I can only wish that there were some way of wedding the fire and spontaneity of previous Dead music to the control and precision here. No reason why not; they're all first-class musicians possessed of imagination and audacity. But they seem to have decided it's either black or white; either acid rock or country rock.
Perhaps the latter term is misleading. This is not over-amplified c&w, which so many purvey in the name of synthesis. Some of the changes and instrumentation and fills are c&w-oriented, but you'd never hear this material performed in this way by any country artist.
Instrumentally gassy: Garcia's acoustic flat-picking on Devil, luxuriantly cushioned by Lesh's big-fat-mama bass; Garcia's swirly, whiney pedal steel on Candyman; and his electric guitar solo on Morning, which keeps threatening to bust into acid-y snarls but is miraculously restrained. The album represents, for me, Garcia's most consistent recorded playing.
All the other musicians do well, too - one should note Kreutzmann's delicate percussion under Garcia's solo and the vocal on Morning. I'd like to hear just a bit more Kreutzmann and Lesh in the mix; otherwise the ensemble playing is incredibly clean and together.
The lyrics are all good, too. Rain is lovely, a song about what the road is like for a band (could be about any group at the beginning, but becomes more personal to the Dead): "Busted down in New Orleans/Set up like a bowling pin." Nice line.
And Hunter isn't without a sense of humor. Magnolia is a southern-fried paean to a woman, all the cliches taken to their furthest and funniest extreme. (Is the doo! doo-doo! group, singing under the solo vocal at the end, a parody of the Crosby, Stills, Sacco and Vanzetti style? Sounds like.) Operator begins in the Memphis vein: tryin' to locate my baby. But it, too, gets further out; one realizes about halfway through that the broad could be anywhere in these here Yewnited States, and the tag is: "I don't care what she's doing/I only hope she's doing it right."
I think, anyway, that this album is about as good as a band can get in this mode. Beats The Band by about ten miles. My own preference is for music that lets the creative powers run with fewer restrictions, but if you like this kind of performance, you'll want American Beauty.
(by Alan Heineman, from Down Beat, 18 March 1971)
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IF YOU WOULD JUST TAKE THE TIME TO
The pepsi-generation, nurtured on coke, has provided the time, place, and setting for a mutant species of an unknown, but common, origin to develop. With a bit of imagination one could call the rock culture the American Beauty.
American Beauty is the title of the Grateful Dead's most recent mouse production. In a recent issue of Rolling Stone, so I'm told, Jerry Garcia was quoted as saying that this album is a more or less continuation of Workingman's Dead. It is more than less!
Since their conception the Dead have been primarily been a band to experience alive, and recorded attempts until the two most recent albums have always lacked the electricity that the band generates in person. In the beginning their albums were products of the West Coast music boom, during which record companies dragged every band they could lay their hands on in off the streets, handed them a contract, and attempted to have the live free bands of those early days record for profit. The [lack] of studio experience shows in a good many of the early Frisco-groups albums. (Catch Big Brother's first.)
So, we have the Grateful Dead, an always popular (to certain cross-sections of the American Breed) live band producing primarily so-so studio attempts until Workingman's Dead and now American Beauty.
It should be obvious that what follows is what it is and couldn't be anything else. Nonetheless it isn't what you may think...
Daydreams can open the door to another world...a world of fantasies...so can acid-dreams. The cartoons of the mind are strange, very strange indeed...and maybe to your ears the tale of a band would also be strange indeed.
In a box of rain can be found sweet voices joined in the celestial harmony that has confounded mystics for centuries. It isn't quite the country you're in as much as the Garcia-guitar which shines through the splintered sunlight and while I don't know who put it there, if you don't find enjoyment you can merely, or if you do find enjoyment, you can merrily, pass it on.
Can you believe that there can be beauty in a friend of the devil? Lesh innovations can transfigure more than you might believe, but with the guru of so many pointing out the direction, who could go wrong! Unburdening his mind our friend tells us that if I get with troubles on his mind, like sweet Maria, or a sheriff following, you can understand what I'm saying.
Alimony, matrimony, and the first one says she's got my child, but he don't look like me. The music to accompany this tale would have to be moving, but not raunchy or prickly like a cactus, right? And only a mandolin could deceive you.
In how many ways can a person find love...could Hermine or Maria fulfill your needs...where is love like a groupie...we can discover the wonders of nature, rolling in the rushes down by the riverside...in a sunshine daydream?
Sugar Magnolia moves in a myriad of alluring ways, all which invoke differing spirits, as varied in their make-up as the book of changes. Bob Weir sang it in Cleveland and you could find him for yourself if you only had the desire.
Have you ever made a phone call to an operator and found that she knew something you didn't know, but wanted to, and she wouldn't tell you?
Operator has to be a working model of Pig Pen's mind. He wrote this chapter and adds harp and a bit of his country mind.
Only in a Tom Wolfe journey could you find a candyman and could you get caught up in the rhythm of a ride, a bus ride maybe.
Jerry Garcia sings a song to you and will you listen to his steel guitar? The benignly he-ell is too much. Organ riffs found their way into the end of act one and as the curtain falls you feel like just laying motionless and allowing your mind to flow into a thousand melodic patterns, but you know that there will come a time to rise and go up, over, up, record, over, back, and down to await act two.
Let there be songs to fill the air and if the mandolin finds your heart, roll with it. Join Jerry Garcia as he leaves nothing unsung and wanders over a path where your steps alone may tread and if I knew the way, I would take you home. There is a road, no simple highway...ripple!
On my hands and knees I found a brokendown palace and in a bed by the waterside, I'll lay my head, to listen to the river sing sweet songs and my head will rest soundly beneath a weeping willow. You could only describe these things if you have been there, right?...so be there...fare ye well, I love you more than words can tell...
...And I'll stay with you till the morning comes, showin' you the way in, leavin' no doubts, and the way back out.
Throughout the night and the changes, it takes a driving beat to ward off the fears of the oncoming day. With a guide, you can push worries aside, and it is after all your choice.
If you found a house you would explore it, correct? If you found your mind, would you explore it? The mysterious softness beckons to you to taste the tastes no tongue can know and to find the cloudy dreams unreal, all in the attics of my life, where all the pages are my days.
...when there was no dream of mine, you dreamed of me...what more can be said.
End of act two with advice to us all...a typical city involved in a typical daydream...busted...they just won't let you be...just keep truckin'!
Note: this collage was assembled by Gary Thornbloom. The media was American Beauty.
(by Gary Thornbloom, from the Nittany Cub, 21 January 1971)
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"AMERICAN BEAUTY" - THE DEAD
It seems that what you feel satisfied with when the Grateful Dead release a new album is just a step, a beginning, to something much better. They changed the emphasis from electrical to acoustical guitars on "Workingman's Dead" with more pastoral lyrics, this being the step to the release of "American Beauty," or "American Reality," depending upon how you read the album cover. The Dead blend a lot of acoustical rhythms with the soft picking of Jerry Garcia's flowing electrical leads, or his pedal steel guitar. There is a series of hidden complexities that are overridden by perhaps the prettiest vocal harmonies in a long while. These are all combined with the the comforting lyrics that Robert Hunter infuses into the Dead's music, whoever Robert Hunter may be. The credits are as ambiguous as ever, leaving one confused as to who is singing at what time, but then again it doesn't really matter; the Dead just go ahead and soothe your soul.
"Box of Rain" opens the album with an offering of a box of rain, "to ease the pain," asking quietly, "what do you want me to do? / to do for you / to see you through." The harmony of the vocals on this cut are just amazing as the backing acoustical guitars glide the song subtly along. The album is filled with really fine songs. It would be foolish to try to catalog each song; some, however, stay with you all day long. Pig Pen comes with a beautifully soft love song, in his style, a masterpiece, "I don't know where she's going, / I don't care where she's been, / as long as she's been doing it right."
The second side is one great progression of excellent music. "Ripple," in the same vein as "Box of Rain" except co-authored by Jerry Garcia instead of Phil Lesh, is a slower, easier attempt to commun the idea that in this cruel, insane country there are people, friends trying to help each other through the madness. "Truckin," perhaps the classic of the album, with credit owed to "Zap" Komics, written by half of the Dead, is a foot-stomping, stoned account of their travels, truckin' through Amerika, "Dallas, down to New Orleans, up to New York / they got the ways and means that just won't let you be." Even Buffalo is given credit as part of the grind, and coming up to Buffalo could be perhaps the ultimate trial of truckin'. The album is an excellent step from "Workingman's Dead" and, if you get the chance, get the album, and listen to it, it's a great high, but then, so are the Dead.
(by Kevin Lovett, from the record reviews page, the Griffin (Buffalo, NY), 27 January 1971)
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AMERICAN BEAUTY - Grateful Dead (Warner Bros. 1893)
The Dead's sudden rise to super stardom makes it very difficult to try and review this new offering by what is essentially the best group in the world. There are those of us who have been with the Dead since the beginning, who waited for their first album to hit the shops. They have consistently gotten better, widening their musical awareness and exploring the various modes of musical communication. Each new Dead lp surprised me, excited me, brought me up from whatever depressive state I had worked myself into.
This new one though doesn't sit right with me. The Dead have been the only group that has refused to stay in one spot for any specific length of time. Always searching, always probing, then reaching the high point and going further on. American Beauty doesn't take anyone to any new place.
Standing by itself, it is absolutely flawless. There's not one bad cut, and the writing and singing is spread out more on this lp than any other, except maybe Anthem of the Sun. What was beginning to take form on Workingman's Dead is fully hatched here. The difficult harmonies that sometimes missed before are letter perfect now. The music is full and colorful, the instrumentation beautiful.
"Box of Rain," the first song on side one, remains my favorite after many listenings. The five minutes that it takes go by like a few seconds. Phil Lesh sings lead on this one, the first lead vocal he's ever attempted in six years. It's a lovely, somewhat strange song about picking someone up when they're down. The stereo is dynamite on this tune, with Lesh on one speaker and Weir and Garcia doing harmony on the other one.
Next is "Friend of the Devil," similar to "Dire Wolf," but a lot cleaner. Lesh's bass thumps away, and Garcia delivers a beautiful tune about a fugitive, "I set out running but I take my time/a friend of the devil is friend of mine/If I get home before daylight/just might get some sleep tonight." The Riders of the Purple Sage are scattered throughout the album. On this track David Grishman does some nice mandolin work.
Bob Weir sings two tunes, and I love his voice, so I like them both. "Sugar Magnolia" is about the girl who's waiting backstage while he sings on the stage. "Truckin'" is a rocker, and it's too bad there isn't much of this type of stuff on the album. Pigpen's traditional one tune per album, "Operator," is the lonely sort of song I've been waiting for from the moody introvert of the Dead. His harp is just lovely. Not enough of that either.
Of the slow numbers, "Attics of My Life" hits me the best. Four part harmony (sounds like Pigpen on the bottom), and some pretty words by Robert Hunter, the band's lyricist. It sounds like a very old Christmas carol. "Ripple" is really nice also with some good group singing. "Candyman" is equally gentle and nice, though the subject, your local pusher, isn't so pretty.
You see, the trouble is that I love this record. If they had wanted to, the Grateful Dead could have put out another Anthem, another Auxomoxua, another live record. And they would have been as good as each preceding lp, just as American Beauty is a lot better than Workingman's Dead. But they never did, till now. And as good as it is, I wish they would have surprised me again. I know they can do anything, I want them to keep doing it, and with this record, they have come to a stop. Pray for the Grateful Dead.
(by Billy Altman, from the "Records" column in the Spectrum (Buffalo, NY), 16 December 1970)
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In a year that has been characterized by the re-emergence of the solo artist and the de-emphasis of the self contained group, one group is finally receiving long overdue public acceptance.
The Grateful Dead, the darlings of the rock underground, have arisen from their subterranean lodgings, after an extended stay of five years.
Their album, "Working Man's Dead", released in June, was the impetus that thrust the Dead into their unaccustomed (and probably unwanted) roles as rock idols. That album featured the Dead in a completely different style - gentle, mellow, country-flavored music, which caught the public's favor as no other previous Dead album had done.
"Workingman's Dead" was another station on the musical train that the Dead have ridden since 1965, exemplifying their capabilities at absorbing and synthesizing various musical styles. Each of their four studio albums shows distinct musical changes. Their first album, released in 1967 amidst the San Franciscan "Summer of Love", was basically hard rock tinged with blues. The second album, "Anthem of the Sun" (1968), was an example of how the wonders to be found in a modern recording studio can be successfully utilized. The third album "Aoxomoxa" (1969), was a shady compromise between the extreme sounds found in the other two. They are one of the few groups who have managed to sound considerably different on each successive album, but still are able to retain the allegiance of their fans.
After the release of "Workingman's Dead", people wondered whether the Dead would stay with the style initiated by that album or explore other horizons as their musical history seems to indicate. Last week the public found out the answer. The Dead released their new album, "AMERICAN BEAUTY". It is very similar to "Workingman's Dead" in style, except that it has more depth and manages to smooth out some rough edges that were found in its predecessor. As of this moment, it seems that the Dead have found a musical idiom in which they are truly happy and comfortable.
On "American Beauty", their country sound has matured considerably. The harmonies are tighter (Garcia, Lesh, and Weir are emerging with one of the best three-part vocal harmony sounds around) and the instrumental sound is cleaner (many cuts feature guest appearances from the excellent musicians from the New Riders of the Purple Sage). The musical influences on this album include the Band, Merle Haggard, The Byrds, and The Buffalo Springfield.
The lyrics are reminiscent of Dylan's "John Wesley Harding" album, glorifying the loser, the fugitive, the "little" or "forgotten" man, and the imagery produced is straight out of the heartland of Middle America. But it must be noted that the imagery produced is not the traditional "gung ho" pro-American type that characterizes much modern country music. It is this concept that accounts for much of the album's fineness - the Dead are able to capture the best qualities of country music without bogging themselves down in the prejudices inherent in the style itself. The songs are sentimental, but not corny, searching for a genuine innocent feeling that is capable of releasing us from the pressure filled, hectic urban lives we lead. The titles of some of the songs evoke this vivid imagery - "Sugar Magnolia", "Ripple", "Candyman", "Brokedown Palace", "Friend of the Devil", and "Truckin".
"Truckin" seems to have become the cut associated most with the album, just as "Uncle John's Band" was on "Workingman's." The song is a chronicle of the Dead's activities during the past few months - the cities they travel through, the people they meet, and the hassles they encounter (one verse deals with their frame-up bust last March in New Orleans). The song has a bouncy boogie beat and it's amazing how much Bob Weir's vocal reminds me of early Elvis Presley. In general, "Trucking" shows the public that the day to day life of a rock and roll band is not as rosy as it seems to be, and in fact it should destroy the public's view of rock musicians as super star demi-gods.
The release of this album should prove without a doubt that the Grateful Dead is the best American band around today.
(by Andy Edelstein, from Pipe Dream (Binghamton U), 4 December 1970)
Thanks to Dave Davis.